Chesterfield Court House (also referred to as “Chesterfield”) is an unincorporated community that is the county seat of Chesterfield County, Virginia. It was a census-designated place at the 2000 census, at which time its population was 3,558. It was not delineated as a CDP for the 2010 census.  The town lies within Chesterfield County, located in the southern part of the Richmond, Virginia metro area. Prostitution and sex trafficking in the region are well documented.

In the town of Chesterfield, reverse stings have been conducted.  For example, a two-day undercover operation in June, 2008 conducted by the Chesterfield County Police Department resulted in the arrest of 24 men, most on charges of soliciting for prostitution and the use of a vehicle while soliciting for prostitution. Some also were charged with other crimes, including possession of a controlled substance and possession of marijuana.
Female police officers posed as prostituted persons along the Jefferson Davis Highway corridor. The men arrested during the operation approached the decoy police officers requesting sex in exchange for money. Once the request was made, police officers waiting nearby made the arrest.

in June 2009 a two-day undercover operation conducted by county police resulted in the arrest of 14 men. The sting targeted solicitation for prostitution along the Jefferson Davis Highway corridor.  Over the years prostitution along this corridor has become a growing concern, generating complaints to police.  During the sting, men approached female police officers who were posing as prostitutes, and requested sex in exchange for money. At that point they were taken into custody by other undercover officers. Most of those arrested were charged with soliciting for prostitution and the use of a vehicle while soliciting prostitution. Those arrested in the sting range in age from 23 to 74, and their identities were reporting in news coverage. Anyone convicted of prostitution offenses is required by state law to submit to an HIV test and participate in counseling about HIV and its transmission.