Campbell is a city of about 42,000 residents in Santa Clara County, California. It is in the San Francisco Bay Area, in the region known as Silicon Valley. Prostitution activity has been well-documented in the city and surrounding communities, and throughout Santa Clara County. Prostitution and the problems and ancillary crimes it generates results in complaints to law enforcement agencies from residents and businesses. For example, in October, 2013, Campbell Police arrested another alleged prostitute operating out of a massage parlor, after residents complained about the business. It was the second arrest at a Campbell massage parlor in the prior five months. Among the more serious crimes associated with the local commercial sex market is sex trafficking.
Consumer level demand provides the revenue stream for all prostitution and sex trafficking, and has therefore been targeted by local law enforcement agencies as a strategy for prevention and response. In October, 2016, the Campbell Police Department collaborated with numerous partner agencies in the region to conduct operations in support of Operation Cross Country X, an international effort focused on ending child sex trafficking. The operation took place from October 11 to 15, 2016, and spanned six counties in the Bay Area (San Francisco, San Mateo, Marin, Alameda, Santa Clara, and Sonoma). In addition to recovering six juvenile trafficking victims and 14 pimps and traffickers, the operation resulted in the arrest or citation of 79 adult male sex buyers, and “cyber patrol” contact with 63 adult men. Cyber patrols involve potential sex buyers (“tricks” or “Johns”) being contacted by law enforcement and advised of the harm caused by engaging in prostitution. FBI San Francisco Division coordinated the California effort for Operation Cross Country X, and 28 additional agencies participated.